Referencing styles: MHRA

This is intended to be a general guide to referencing. Please consult your student handbook for specific information about the referencing system required by your course.

Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA)

This guide will look at how you would reference the following journal article using The Modern Humanities Research Association (MHRA) citation style:

  • Title: Study Looks at Online Learning vs. Traditional Instruction,
  • Author: Angiello, Roanne,
  • Journal: Education Digest,
  • Publication date: Oct 2010,
  • Volume and Issue number: Vol. 76 Issue 2,
  • Page Number: 56-59

After a quotation or summary you would insert a number indicating a footnote (bottom of page) or an endnote (at the end of the document). The footnote or endnote would give a full details of the material referred to. If the same source is referred to again you can use an abbreviation.

See the section of the MHRA style guideon footnotes and endnotes.

In addition to the footnotes / end notes you will need to provide a separate bibliography at the end of the work:

Example of an in text footnote reference
“ Do students learn as well online as in traditional classrooms? As higher education institutions
and K-12 districts, business, and non-profit organizations increasingly look to online course delivery,
this is a very critical question”1
Example of a reference in a footnote
  1. Angiello, Roanne ,’Study Looks at Online Learning vs Traditional Instruction’  Educational Digest,76,2 (2010)56-59(p.56).
Example of a reference in a Bibliography
Angiello, R.,’Study Looks at Online Learning vs Traditional Instruction’ Educational Digest,76,2 (2010), 56-59

Further information about MHRA citation style: